An alarming revelation was made in an article by the BBC on August 8, stating that air monitors in Switzerland have detected large quantities of one gas coming from a location in Italy which grossly contradicts official inventory records from Italy for this region.
The greenhouse gas is called HFC-23, and is produced in the refrigeration and air conditioning industries. It is 14,800 times more warming to the atmosphere than CO2.
Dr Stefan Reimann, from the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, told the BBC that their estimate for this location in Italy is about 60-80 tonnes of this substance being emitted every year. The Italian emission inventory says below 10 tonnes or in the region of two to three tonnes.
Official inventory records are submitted as part of the Paris climate agreement – an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with greenhouse gas emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance. Each country determines, plans and regularly reports its own contribution it should make in order to mitigate global warming.